... based on the experience of the people who are the most disadvantaged
In order to define a set of goals that will deliver truly sustainable development, experts around the world have been sharing their opinions on the successes and failures of the Millennium Development Goals that end in 2015. Because of the heavy demands of survival, the shame, and the prejudices they face, those who live in extreme poverty throughout the world are most often absent from this debate about the future. And yet, what is designed without them often turns against them. This is why ATD Fourth World – through a participatory action-research project entitled: “Knowledge drawn from experience: Building the post-2015 agenda with people living in extreme poverty” sought the opinion of those who are the most disadvantaged and therefore the most concerned by the often repeated commitment to eradicate poverty.
Since 2012, some 2000 people from a dozen countries, from both industrialised and developing nations (Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, France, Guatemala, Haiti, Mauritius, Madagascar, Peru, Philippines, Poland) alongside academics, decision-makers, and practitioners – including United Nations officials – participated in inter- views and meetings through which they developed the following recommendations.
Five recommendations for the post- 2015 agenda
1. Leave no one behind. This requires all countries eliminating discrimination based on gender, social origin or poverty.
2. Introduce people living in poverty as new partners in building our knowledge of development.
3. Promote an economy that respects people and the environment, and that includes decent jobs and social protection.
4. Encourage cooperation at school be- tween all stakeholders - the students, their families, teachers and communities - in order to provide education and training for all. Most people living in poverty consider education to be the best way out of poverty for their children.
5. Promote peace through participatory good governance. This means helping communities to form their own support organizations and ensuring that local, national, and international institutions put into place participatory mechanisms.
In order to create an environment conducive to the eradication of extreme poverty, it is essential that human rights be respected, since human rights violations are both a cause and a consequence of extreme poverty. The Guiding Principles on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights* constitute a useful tool for implementing those rights that are the most critical to people living in extreme poverty.
* Adopted by the United Nations Human Rights Council in September 2012.